RFC 
 2467 
 TOC 
Network Working GroupM. Crawford
Request for Comments: 2467Fermilab
Obsoletes: 2019December 1998
Category: Standards Track 


Transmission of IPv6 Packets over FDDI Networks

Status of this Memo

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the “Internet Official Protocol Standards” (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright © The Internet Society (1998). All Rights Reserved.


 RFC 
 2467 
 TOC 

Table of Contents

1.  Introduction
2.  Maximum Transmission Unit
3.  Frame Format
4.  Interaction with Bridges
5.  Stateless Autoconfiguration
6.  Link-Local Addresses
7.  Address Mapping -- Unicast
8.  Address Mapping -- Multicast
9.  Differences From RFC 2019
10.  Security Considerations
11.  References (BOILERPLATE)
12.  Author's Address (BOILERPLATE)
13.  Full Copyright Statement (BOILERPLATE)
14.  References
§  Author's Address
§  Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements




 TOC 

1.  Introduction

This document specifies the frame format for transmission of IPv6 packets and the method of forming IPv6 link-local addresses and statelessly autoconfigured addresses on FDDI networks. It also specifies the content of the Source/Target Link-layer Address option used in Router Solicitation, Router Advertisement, Neighbor Solicitation, Neighbor Advertisement and Redirect messages when those messages are transmitted on an FDDI network.

This document replaces RFC 2019, "Transmission of IPv6 Packets Over FDDI", which will become historic.

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] (Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” March 1997.).



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2.  Maximum Transmission Unit

FDDI permits a frame length of 4500 octets (9000 symbols), including at least 22 octets (44 symbols) of Data Link encapsulation when long-format addresses are used. Subtracting 8 octets of LLC/SNAP header, this would, in principle, allow the IPv6 [RFC2460] (Deering, S. and R. Hinden, “Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” December 1998.) packet in the Information field to be up to 4470 octets. However, it is desirable to allow for the variable sizes and possible future extensions of the MAC header and frame status fields. The default MTU size for IPv6 packets on an FDDI network is therefore 4352 octets. This size may be reduced by a Router Advertisement [RFC2461] (Narten, T., Nordmark, E., and W. Simpson, “Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6),” December 1998.) containing an MTU option which specifies a smaller MTU, or by manual configuration of each node. If a Router Advertisement received on an FDDI interface has an MTU option specifying an MTU larger than 4352, or larger than a manually configured value, that MTU option may be logged to system management but must be otherwise ignored.

For purposes of this document, information received from DHCP is considered "manually configured" and the term FDDI includes CDDI.



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3.  Frame Format

FDDI provides both synchronous and asynchronous transmission, with the latter class further subdivided by the use of restricted and unrestricted tokens. Only asynchronous transmission with unrestricted tokens is required for FDDI interoperability. Accordingly, IPv6 packets shall be sent in asynchronous frames using unrestricted tokens. The robustness principle dictates that nodes should be able to receive synchronous frames and asynchronous frames sent using restricted tokens.

IPv6 packets are transmitted in LLC/SNAP frames, using long-format (48 bit) addresses. The data field contains the IPv6 header and payload and is followed by the FDDI Frame Check Sequence, Ending Delimiter, and Frame Status symbols.

                      0                   1
                      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
                                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                                     |      FC       |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |          Destination          |
                     +-                             -+
                     |             FDDI              |
                     +-                             -+
                     |            Address            |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |            Source             |
                     +-                             -+
                     |             FDDI              |
                     +-                             -+
                     |            Address            |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |     DSAP      |     SSAP      |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |      CTL      |      OUI ...  |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+               +
                     |          ... OUI              |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |           Ethertype           |
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                     |             IPv6              |
                     +-                             -+
                     |            header             |
                     +-                             -+
                     |             and               |
                     +-                             -+
                     /            payload ...        /
                     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                    (Each tic mark represents one bit.)

   FDDI Header Fields:

   FC          The Frame Code must be in the range 50 to 57
               hexadecimal, inclusive, with the three low order bits
               indicating the frame priority.

   DSAP, SSAP  Both the DSAP and SSAP fields shall contain the value AA
               hexadecimal, indicating SNAP encapsulation.

   CTL         The Control field shall be set to 03 hexadecimal,
               indicating Unnumbered Information.

   OUI         The Organizationally Unique Identifier shall be set to
               000000 hexadecimal.

   Ethertype   The Ethernet protocol type ("ethertype") shall be set to
               the value 86DD hexadecimal.


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4.  Interaction with Bridges

802.1d MAC bridges which connect different media, for example Ethernet and FDDI, have become very widespread. Some of them do IPv4 packet fragmentation and/or support IPv4 Path MTU discovery [RFC 1981], many others do not, or do so incorrectly. Use of IPv6 in a bridged mixed-media environment must not depend on support from MAC bridges, unless those bridges are known to correctly implement IPv6 Path MTU Discovery [RFC 1981, ICMPV6].

For correct operation when mixed media are bridged together by bridges which do not support IPv6 Path MTU Discovery, the smallest MTU of all the media must be advertised by routers in an MTU option. If there are no routers present, this MTU must be manually configured in each node which is connected to a medium with a default MTU larger than the smallest MTU.



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5.  Stateless Autoconfiguration

The Interface Identifier [RFC2373] (Hinden, R. and S. Deering, “IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture,” July 1998.) for an FDDI interface is based on the EUI-64 identifier [_XREF_EUI64] (, “Guidelines For 64-bit Global Identifier (EUI-64),” .) derived from the interface's built-in 48-bit IEEE 802 address. The EUI-64 is formed as follows. (Canonical bit order is assumed throughout. See [RFC2469] (Narten, T. and C. Burton, “A Caution On The Canonical Ordering Of Link-Layer Addresses,” December 1998.) for a caution on bit-order effects in LAN interfaces.)

The OUI of the FDDI MAC address (the first three octets) becomes the company_id of the EUI-64 (the first three octets). The fourth and fifth octets of the EUI are set to the fixed value FFFE hexadecimal. The last three octets of the FDDI MAC address become the last three octets of the EUI-64.

The Interface Identifier is then formed from the EUI-64 by complementing the "Universal/Local" (U/L) bit, which is the next-to- lowest order bit of the first octet of the EUI-64. For further discussion on this point, see [RFC2464] (Crawford, M., “Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet Networks,” December 1998.) and [RFC2373] (Hinden, R. and S. Deering, “IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture,” July 1998.). For example, the Interface Identifier for an FDDI interface whose built-in address is, in hexadecimal,

34-56-78-9A-BC-DE

would be

36-56-78-FF-FE-9A-BC-DE.

A different MAC address set manually or by software should not be used to derive the Interface Identifier. If such a MAC address must be used, its global uniqueness property should be reflected in the value of the U/L bit.

An IPv6 address prefix used for stateless autoconfiguration [RFC2462] (Thomson, S. and T. Narten, “IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration,” December 1998.) of an FDDI interface must have a length of 64 bits.



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6.  Link-Local Addresses

The IPv6 link-local address [RFC2373] (Hinden, R. and S. Deering, “IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture,” July 1998.) for an FDDI interface is formed by appending the Interface Identifier, as defined above, to the prefix FE80::/64.

     10 bits            54 bits                  64 bits
   +----------+-----------------------+----------------------------+
   |1111111010|         (zeros)       |    Interface Identifier    |
   +----------+-----------------------+----------------------------+


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7.  Address Mapping -- Unicast

The procedure for mapping IPv6 unicast addresses into FDDI link-layer addresses is described in [RFC2461] (Narten, T., Nordmark, E., and W. Simpson, “Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6),” December 1998.). The Source/Target Link-layer Address option has the following form when the link layer is FDDI.

                 0                   1
                 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
                +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                |     Type      |    Length     |
                +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                |                               |
                +-            FDDI             -+
                |                               |
                +-           Address           -+
                |                               |
                +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   Option fields:

   Type        1 for Source Link-layer address.
               2 for Target Link-layer address.

   Length      1 (in units of 8 octets).

   FDDI Address
               The 48 bit FDDI IEEE 802 address, in canonical bit order.
               This is the address the interface currently responds to,
               and may be different from the built-in address used to
               derive the Interface Identifier.


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8.  Address Mapping -- Multicast

An IPv6 packet with a multicast destination address DST, consisting of the sixteen octets DST[1] through DST[16], is transmitted to the FDDI multicast address whose first two octets are the value 3333 hexadecimal and whose last four octets are the last four octets of DST.

                 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                 |0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1|0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1|
                 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                 |   DST[13]     |   DST[14]     |
                 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                 |   DST[15]     |   DST[16]     |
                 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


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9.  Differences From RFC 2019

The following are the functional differences between this specification and RFC 2019.

"FDDI adjacency detection" has been removed, due to recent work in IEEE 802.1p.

The Address Token, which was a node's 48-bit MAC address, is replaced with the Interface Identifier, which is 64 bits in length and based on the EUI-64 format [_XREF_EUI64] (, “Guidelines For 64-bit Global Identifier (EUI-64),” .). An IEEE-defined mapping exists from 48-bit MAC addresses to EUI-64 form.

A prefix used for stateless autoconfiguration must now be 64 bits long rather than 80. The link-local prefix is also shortened to 64 bits.



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10.  Security Considerations

The method of derivation of Interface Identifiers from MAC addresses is intended to preserve global uniqueness when possible. However, there is no protection from duplication through accident or forgery.



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11.  References (BOILERPLATE)

This RFC contained boilerplate in this section which has been moved to the RFC2223-compliant unnumbered section "References."



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12.  Author's Address (BOILERPLATE)

This RFC contained boilerplate in this section which has been moved to the RFC2223-compliant unnumbered section "Author's Address."



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13.  Full Copyright Statement (BOILERPLATE)

This RFC contained boilerplate in this section which has been moved to the RFC2223-compliant unnumbered section "Full Copyright Statement."



 TOC 

14. References

[RFC2373] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, “IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture,” RFC 2373, July 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC2462] Thomson, S. and T. Narten, “IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration,” RFC 2462, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC2469] Narten, T. and C. Burton, “A Caution On The Canonical Ordering Of Link-Layer Addresses,” RFC 2469, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC2461] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., and W. Simpson, “Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6),” RFC 2461, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC2464] Crawford, M., “Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet Networks,” RFC 2464, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[_XREF_EUI64] Guidelines For 64-bit Global Identifier (EUI-64).”
[RFC2463] Conta, A. and S. Deering, “Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” RFC 2463, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC2460] Deering, S. and R. Hinden, “Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,” RFC 2460, December 1998 (TXT, HTML, XML).
[RFC1981] McCann, J., Deering, S., and J. Mogul, “Path MTU Discovery for IP version 6,” RFC 1981, August 1996 (TXT).
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997 (TXT, HTML, XML).


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Author's Address

  Matt Crawford
  Fermilab
  PO Box 500, MS 368
  Batavia, IL 60510
  USA
Phone:  +1 630 840 3461
Email:  crawdad@fnal.gov


 TOC 

Full Copyright Statement

Intellectual Property